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    Iberian Food

    Coe, Sophie and Michael D. Coe. The True History of Chocolate. 2007. ISBN: 978-0500286968

    Colmenero de Ledesma, Antonio. "Chocolate: or, an Indian Drinke." Transl. James Wadsworth. Published in London in 1652, in Spain before 1631. Archived online at .

     —. "A Curious Treatise of the Nature and Quality of Chocolate." Transl. Don Diego de Vades-forte. Published in London in 1640, in Spain before 1631.

    Culinaria Spain. Republished edition 2010. ISBN: 978-3833151231. Modern, but a useful overview of the foodways of different regions of Spain.

     Flandrin, Jean-Louis. "The Early Modern Period." Food: A Culinary History. Ed. Jean-Louis Flandrin. Columbia University Press: New York, 1999.

     Huetz de Lemps, Alain. "Colonial beverages and the consumption of sugar." Food: A Culinary History. Ed. Jean-Louis Flandrin. Columbia University Press: New York, 1999.

     Jamieson, Ross W. "The essence of commodification: caffeine dependencies in the Early Modern world." Journal of Social History. 35:2, 2001. Archived online at . Last accessed 10/09/08.

    Krondl, Michael. The Taste of Conquest: the rise and fall of the three great cities of spice. 2008. ISBN: 978-0345480842

    Medina, F. Xavier. Food Culture in Spain. Greenwood Press: Westport CN, 2005.

     Norton, Marcy. "Tasting empire: chocolate and the European internalization of Mesoamerican aesthetics." American Historical Review. June 2006.

     O'Connor, Sarah. "Tablets of Drinking Chocolate in the Spanish Style." Stefan's Florilegium. Archived online 5 July 2008 at http:// beverages/?drink-choc-sp-art.html. Accessed 20 Oct. 2008.

    Santanach, Joan. The Book of Sent Sovi: medieval recipes from Catalonia. 2008. ISBN: 978-1855661646

    Tannahill, Reay. Food in History. 1995. ISBN: 978-0517884041

    Zaouali, Lilia. Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: a concise history with 174 recipes. 2009. ISBN: 978-0520261747


    Spanish Clothing Resources

    Anderson, Ruth M. Hispanic Costume 1480-1530. 1979.

    Alcega, Juan de. Tailor's Pattern Book, 1589. 1999.

    Bernis Madraza, Carmen. Idumentaria Medieval Espanola. (Madrid, 1956).

    Bernis Madrazo, Carmen. Indumentaria española en tiempos de Carlos V (Madrid, 1962).

    Bernis Madrazo, Carmen. Trajes y modas en la España de los Reyes Católicos. Vol. I. Las mujeres. Vol. II. Los hombres (Madrid, 1979).

    Bernis Madrazo, Carmen, "La moda en la España de Felipe II a través del retrato de corte", in Alonso Sánchez Coello y el retrato en la corte de Felipe II (Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1990).

    Bernis Madrazo, Carmen. El traje y los tipos sociales en El Quijote (Madrid, 2001).

    Ferrandis, Jose. Datos Documentales para la Historia del Arte Español: Inventarios Reales (Juan II a Juana la Loca). Madrid: Instituto Diego Velásquez, 1943.

    Kusche, Maria. Retratos y Retratadores. 2003.


    Spanish History and Culture

    General History

    Carr, Raymond. Spain: a history. 2001. ISBN: 978-0192802361


    pre-15th c.

    Fletcher, Richard. Moorish Spain. 2006. ISBN: 978-0520248403

    Mann, Vivian. Convivencia: Jews, Muslims and Christians in Medieval Spain. 2007. ISBN: 978-0807612866

    Menocal, Maria Rosa. Ornament of the World : how Muslims, Jews and Christians created a culture of tolerance in Medieval Spain. 2003. ISBN: 978-0316168717


    15th century

    Merriman, Roger Bigelow. The rise of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and the New. 1923. *This 4-volume series has been reprinted as a facsimile edition, ISBN: 978-1149082386

    Thomas, Hugh. Rivers of Gold: The rise of the Spanish Empire, 1490-1522. 2004. ISBN: 978-0812970555


    16th century

    Lynch, John. Spain under the Habsburgs. 1984. ISBN: 978-0814750094

    Reade, Brian. The Dominance of Spain, 1550-1660. Costume of the Western World series. 1957.


    Spain in the New World

    Clendinnen, Inga. Ambivalent Conquests: Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570. 2003. ISBN: 978-0521527316

    Columbus, Christopher. The Four Voyages: Being His Own Log-book, Letters, and Dispatches with Connecting Narratives. 1992. ISBN: 978-0140442175

    Resendez, Andre. A Land So Strange: the epic journey of Cabeza de Vaca. 2009. ISBN: 978-0465068418

    Schwartz, Stuart B. Victors and Vanquished: Spanish and Nahua views of the conquest of Mexico. 2000. ISBN: 978-0312393557

    Vaca, Alvar Nunez Cabeza de. The Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca. 2003. ISBN: 978-0803264168



    Sureda, Joan. Golden Age of Spain: painting, sculpture, architecture. 2008. ISBN: 978-0865651982



    Cervantes, Miguel. Don Quixote. Complete and unabridged edition. 2009. ISBN: 978-0451531285



    Spanish Painters

    Born 1401-1450

    Bartolomé Bermejo (1440-1498)

    Jaume Huguet (1414-1492)

    Nicolas France (1424-1468

    Luis Dalmau (1428-1461)

    Joan Reixach (1431-1486)

    Master of the Cypresses (1434) - manuscript illuminator

    Fernando Gallego (1440-1507)

    Antonio del Rincón (1446-1500)

    Pablo de San Leocadio (1447-1520)

    Pedro Sanchez

    Pedro Berruguete (1450-1504)

    Lo Spagna (1450-1528)


    Born 1451-1500
    Martin Bernat (1454-1497)

    Juan de Flandes (1460-1519)

    Juan de Borgoña (1470-1534)

    Master of the Retablo of the Reyes Catolicos (1485-1500)

    Alonso Berruguete (1488-1561)

    Pedro Machuca (1490-1550)

    Juan Vicente Masip (1500-1579)


    Born 1500-1550

    Juan Bautista Castillo (1500-1579)

    Luis de Vargas (1502-1568)

    Pedro de Campana (1503-1580)

    Fernando Yanez (1506-1526)

    Juan de Juanes (1510-1579)

    Luis de Morales (1510-1586)

    Caspar becerra (1520-1570)

    Antonio Moro (1520-1586)  see also: Anthonius Mor

    Pedro Villega de Marmolejo (1520-1597)

    Juan Fernandez Navarrete (1526-1579)

    Giovanni Narducci (1526-1616)

    Alonso Sanchez Coello (1531-1588)

    Martin de Vos (1531-1603)

    Luis de Carbarajal (1534-1613)

    Miguel Barroso (1538-1590)

    Pablo de Cespedes (1538-1608)

    El Greco (1541-1614) see also: Domenico Theotocopouli

    Jorge Ingles (1544-1585)


    Born 1551-1600

    Bartolomé Gonzalez y Serrano (1564-1627)


    The Wardrobe Project

    This weekend I attended Atlantia's Crown Tourney. While preparing for the event, I figured out that I really do not have a persona-appropriate wardrobe to speak of. In my chosen period and place, not counting items that do not fit or are badly damaged, I have: 2 linen kirtles, one full-sleeved linen camisa, one straight-sleeved linen camisa, one wool jacket, one wool petticoat, two habitos, and my elevation ensemble.

    That's it. My tranzados are filthy from wearing at Pennsic, two of my linen kirtles are too big, one kirtle is torn straight down the front, all of my other camisas have shredded into rags, and I don't even have proper stockings.

    I am not a very good example of a costuming Laurel at the moment.

    I've decided to embark on a full wardrobe project to fix this, and I pinky-swear that I will post about it extensively on the blog. I'm going to start with locating my persona in place and time (for those reading along - I know when and where I am), then look at wardrobe inventories and source images to get an idea of what someone of my persona's social standing would be wearing. I'll talk about fabric choices and embellishments and how to clothe a person rather than costume a persona.

    Hopefully by the end of this little experiment, Beatriz will look like the minor noble lady that she is, and I will have a collection of clothing that makes me proud.